are 2 billion rural poor in developing countries today without access
to reliable energy services. There will be 4 billion in 20 years.
Industrialised countries account for most of the
historic accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHG). However, due
to economic growth, developing countries will probably surpass
them in terms of emissions by 2009.
The stake is high: the living conditions of the
rural poor – and our global climate.
RforD has developed a sustainable replicable model
for multiplication of RE enterprises tailored to the specific
needs of developing countries.
Making use of this model, RforD, with the support
of funding partners, will be able to multiply significantly the
social, economic and ecological benefits of RE production. RforD
is about to prove the social and financial feasibility of the
RforD model that has already won international recognition from
the United Nations Foundation, as well as applause from local
NGOs in developing countries.
to Achieve Multiplication?
RforD relies on the establishment of supportive
institutional infrastructure in the form of focal points in each
target country or region. Focal points are the crucial element
for multiplication, as well as for socially sustainable projects.
RforD is not a project executor itself, it is
a project supervisor, an intermediary between all stakeholders
involved, a facilitator, a broker, a controller.
Field projects are implemented by focal points.
Focal point staff are recruited in target countries and are representatives
of NGOs in RE or development, local authorities, financing institutions
and of local communities.
Focal point staff receive a thorough introduction
in the RforD model for RE entrepreneurship at a two months workshop.
During this workshop, first a simulation of all stages of a RE
project is carried out in order to familiarise the focal point
with its task.
& Focal Points Joint Activities
RforD and the focal point staff then identify
the first project bundle (10 RE projects in one area) and prepare
it for implementation:
This includes site identification, feasibility
studies, empowerment of the future owners and directors of the
RE production sites (technical and commercial training), creation
of ownership structures, choice of appropriate technology and
its supplier, as well as preparation of bankable business plans.
Throughout all this period, RforD assists the
focal point in its work.
Points Activities Without RforD
After preparation of the first project bundle
together with RforD, focal points continue on their own. They
recruit more staff and spread out to different regions in small
teams in order to initiate a new project cycle.
One focal point made up of 5 people can prepare
60 RE projects in one year.
Focal points are in regular contact with RforD.
They are paid by RforD and supervised. Focal points become professional
RE project preparing entities.
Once focal points have accomplished project preparation,
RforD seeks financing for project implementation: RET equipment
purchase, construction and operation phase.
In one year, RforD conducts several focal point
workshops. Our experienced trainers and business development practitioners
take care of this task.
By setting up 5 focal points in 5 different regions
each year, RforD can manage the preparation of 250 projects per
By setting up 10 focal points in 10 different
regions each year, RforD could manage the preparation of 2.500
projects per year.
RforD Model is a RE Project Planning