Renewables for Development -RforD-
Renewable Energy for Development Countries



All Stakeholders

Rural electrification in poor areas of the developing world is an activity touching diverse interests. However, in the area of renewable energy development, they turn out to be surprisingly similar.
The stakeholder list includes:

  • Target communities
  • RET industry
  • Private sector
  • Project target/ developing countries
  • Investors
  • Foundations
  • NGOs
  • Global climate change and North-South equity


RforD's job consists in joining all these interests and making them work towards a common goal: deployment and commercialisation of RE on a large scale in developing countries.
Joining all stakeholders interests', organising their co-operation and tapping all their respective resources takes a lot of time and energy that each stakeholder alone can't spare. That's why RforD was set up.

Project Sustainability

Making sure every stakeholder is involved directly or indirectly in a development project increases the chances that the project will be operative over a long life-cycle. Long-term project sustainability is a condition for economic viability. Only long and regular operation times allow the owners of the RE production site to collect enough income enabling them to repay their loans.

Empowerment of Target Communities

Target communities are the major beneficiaries of newly installed RE production sites. Their preparation for and involvement in projects is crucial. RforD Focal Point are in charge of empowerment of rural communities.
Empowerment comprises mainly commercial and technical training:

  • Development Possibilities Due to Renewable Energy
  • Advantages and technology of the RE technology identified as most appropriate
  • RE business development
  • RE service management
  • Financing possibilities
  • Income generating surplus sale
  • RE production site maintenance
  • Ownership options and implications

    Moreover, the future owners, producers, consumers and sellers of renewable energy constitute an energy corporation

Creation of Ownership Structures & Establishment of RE Enterprises

Entrepreneurial poor are needed to become the future owners and directors of their small hydropower station, their windmill, their biogas generator or their solar system.
RforD Focal Points will identify entrepreneurial poor who are ready and motivated to engage in economic activity. Such people might lack the skills of running a business. However, what counts is their readiness to break their poverty cycle.

RforD Focal Points help in choosing the most appropriate ownership structure. We prefer community ownership as this allows more people to benefit from the income of power sales and avoids the exploitation of the rest of the community by one monopoly owner. However, the most adequate enterprise structure depends on local habits and individual case assessment.

Concept / Multiplication/ Commercialisation/ EU-China Bridge/
/ Income Generation/ Organigram/